The war ended in Spring, 1865. Robert E. Lee surrendered the last major Confederate army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865. The last battle was fought at Palmito Ranch, Texas, on May 13, 1865.
For nearly a century, the people and politicians of the Northern and Southern states had been clashing over the issues that finally led to war: economic interests, cultural values, the power of the federal government to control the states, and, most importantly, slavery in American society.
The most convincing 'internal' factor behind southern defeat was the very institution that prompted secession: slavery. Enslaved people fled to join the Union army, depriving the South of labour and strengthening the North by more than 100,000 soldiers.
What did the Gettysburg Address help Americans to realize? This speech made Americans realize that we were a unified nation. What was Grant's overall strategy for defeating Lee's army?
After his death in 1870, Lee became a cultural icon in the South and is largely hailed as one of the Civil War's greatest generals. As commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, he fought most of his battles against armies of significantly larger size, and managed to win many of them.
There was no inevitability to the outcome of the Civil War. Neither North nor South had an inside track to victory. The war was a classic case of two strong and justifiable wills at odds.
Of the Confederate states, Virginia and North Carolina had the highest number of military deaths, with approximately 31,000 each. Alabama had the second-highest with about 27,000 deaths.
Its economy would have relatively declined, to the extent to be dependent of the North. Therefore, its political independence would have been weakened by the intervention of the North-America, as it has been in South-America. Migrations and walls would have arisen between the two sides.
One historian believes the battle between Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Union's Army of the Potomac led by General George Meade truly was decisive "If Lee had been victorious, the Army of the Potomac would have dissolved," said Alan Guelzo, history professor at Gettysburg College and author the new book " ...
General Sir Arthur James Lyon Fremantle GCMG CB KStJ (11 November 1835 – 25 September 1901) was a British Army officer and a notable British witness to the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.
For 110 years, the numbers stood as gospel: 618,222 men died in the Civil War, 360,222 from the North and 258,000 from the South — by far the greatest toll of any war in American history.
A Union defeat at Gettysburg would have led to the replacement of George Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac. Meade was already in bad odor with Congressional Republicans, being suspected of Copperhead sympathies, and Lincoln would not have kept him on.
However if the southern states broke away this American unity is now difficult secession is aMoreHowever if the southern states broke away this American unity is now difficult secession is a precedent which is proven to work the effectiveness would have larger consequences for the United States.
"If Lee Had Not Won the Battle of Gettysburg" - International Churchill Society.
Pickett's Charge was the name given to a massive frontal assault on the Union lines on the afternoon of the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. The charge on July 3, 1863, was ordered by Robert E. Lee, and was intended to smash through the federal lines and destroy the Army of the Potomac.
As soldiers straggled back to the Confederate lines along Seminary Ridge, Lee feared a Union counteroffensive and tried to rally his center, telling returning soldiers and Wilcox that the failure was "all my fault". Pickett was inconsolable for the rest of the day and never forgave Lee for ordering the charge.
After the fighting, Lee expressed deep regret for ordering the charge. He told a general, “this has all been my fault.” Some saw Pickett weeping over the loss of half of his division. Pickett's after-battle report was reportedly extremely bitter, and General Lee forced Pickett to destroy it.
the Union Army
The Confederate Army of Northern Virginia began its Retreat from Gettysburg on July 4, 1863. Following General Robert E. Lee's failure to defeat the Union Army at the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), he ordered a retreat through Maryland and over the Potomac River to relative safety in Virginia.
After three days of torture on the battlefield, would the journey out of Pennsylvania offer the Confederates any relief? General Robert E. Lee's army retreats from Gettysburg across the Potomac River.
Lee and his family instead moved to Lexington, Virginia, where he became the president of Washington College. It is believed that he accepted this low-profile post, which paid only $1,500 a year, because he felt it unseemly to profit after such a bloody and divisive conflict.
Falling Waters, West Virginia got its name from a cascading stream near the Potomac. A convenient river crossing, its most famous crossing came in the summer of 1863. After the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg, General Robert E. Lee and his army retreated toward the Potomac River, seeking safety in West Virginia.