What is translation in biology easy definition?

2022-07-27 08:00:03

What is translation in biology easy definition?

Listen to pronunciation. (trans-LAY-shun) In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.

How do you describe translation in biology?


Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

What exactly is translation?

Translation is the process that takes the information passed from DNA as messenger RNA and turns it into a series of amino acids bound together with peptide bonds.

What is translation biology example?

In biology, translation is a step in protein biosynthesis where a genetic code from a strand of mRNA is decoded to produce a particular sequence of amino acids. In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, it takes place on the ribosomes.

What is translation with example?

The definition of a translation is an interpretation from one language or situation to another. An example of a translation is "bueno" meaning "good" in Spanish. An example of a translation is telling a parent the meaning behind their teen's facial expression.

What is translation in biology quizlet?

Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

What happens during translation biology quizlet?

What happens during translation? During translation, a ribosome uses the sequence of codons in mRNA to assemble amino acids into a polypeptide chain. The correct amino acids are brought to the ribosome by tRNA. Why is the genetic code considered universal?

What is translation in geometry quizlet?

an operation that moves or changes a geometric figure in some way to produce a new figure. translation. moves every point of a figure the dame distance in the same direction.

What is the purpose of translation in biology quizlet?

What is the purpose of translation? The purpose of translation is for mRNA to be read and translated into a sequence of amino acids.

What is the main goal of translation?

The purpose of translation is to synthesize proteins, which are used for millions of cellular functions. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template. This is the second step of gene expression.

Where does translation happen?

the ribosome

Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins. The ribosome has a small and a large subunit and is a complex molecule composed of several ribosomal RNA molecules and a number of proteins.

Why is translation and transcription important to cells?

Transcription and translation are the two processes that convert a sequence of nucleotides from DNA into a sequence of amino acids to build the desired protein. These two processes are essential for life. They are found in all organisms – eukaryotic and prokaryotic.

Why is translation important biology?

The process of translation can be seen as the decoding of instructions for making proteins, involving mRNA in transcription as well as tRNA. The genes in DNA encode protein molecules, which are the "workhorses" of the cell, carrying out all the functions necessary for life.

Why is translation needed?

Translation is necessary for the spreading new information, knowledge, and ideas across the world. It is absolutely necessary to achieve effective communication between different cultures. In the process of spreading new information, translation is something that can change history.

What is importance of translation?

Translation enables effective communication between people around the world. It is a courier for the transmission of knowledge, a protector of cultural heritage, and essential to the development of a global economy.

What is a translation study?

Translation studies is an academic interdiscipline dealing with the systematic study of the theory, description and application of translation, interpreting, and localization. As an interdiscipline, translation studies borrows much from the various fields of study that support translation.

What is theory of translation?

This theory, based on a solid foundation on understanding of how languages work, translation theory recognizes that different languages encode meaning in differing forms, yet guides translators to find appropriate ways of preserving meaning, while using the most appropriate forms of each language.

What is types of translation?

What are the 5 Most Common Types of Translation?

  • Literary Translation. As the name suggests, literary translation is the act of translating literary works, such as plays, novels and poems. ...
  • Technical Translation. ...
  • Administrative Translation. ...
  • Financial Translation. ...
  • Legal Translation. ...
  • Other types of translation.

Nov 16, 2021

What is called translation?

Translation is the process in which cellular ribosomes create proteins. In translation, messenger RNA produced by transcription from DNA is decoded by a ribosome complex to produce specific amino acids, or polypeptide.

What are the 4 types of translation?

The 4 Most Common Different Types of Translation

  • Literary translation.
  • Professional translation.
  • Technical Translation.
  • Administrative translation.

Feb 12, 2021

What are the 4 translations?

There are four types of transformations: translations, reflections, dilations and rotations. 1. Jack describes a translation as point J moving from J(−2,6) to J (4,9). Write the mapping rule to describe this translation for Jack.