The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
|Taiwan (RoC, claimed by China)||Partially recognized state (16 U.N. members)||Asia|
|Tokelau (New Zealand)||Dependent Territory||Oceania|
|Transnistria (Moldova)||Separatist state||Europe|
The United Nations (UN) is an organization between countries established on 24 October 1945 to promote international cooperation. It was founded to replace the League of Nations following World War II and to prevent another conflict.
The UN's chief administrative officer is the secretary-general, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres, who began his first five year-term on 1 January 2017 and was re-elected on 8 June 2021. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
The United Nations is one of the most powerful international organisations. However, other international organisations, such as NATO, the European Union, and the Asian Development Bank, also have significant global authority. Importantly, the UN is not more powerful than national governments.
China is one of the charter members of the United Nations and is one of five permanent members of its Security Council. One of the victorious Allies of the Second World War (the Chinese theatre of which was the Second Sino-Japanese War), the Republic of China (ROC) joined the UN upon its founding in 1945.
The Russian Federation succeeded the Soviet Union's seat, including its permanent membership on the Security Council in the United Nations after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, which originally co-founded the UN in 1945.
|United Nations membership|
|Since||September 17, 1991|
|Permanent Representative||Oh Joon|
The UN's Membership has grown from the original 51 Member States in 1945 to the current 193 Member States. All UN Member States are members of the General Assembly. States are admitted to membership by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
On December 18, 1956, Japan became the 80th member state of the UN, which was established in response to the two preceding world wars, with the aim of saving future generations from the horrors of war. Since its accession, Japan has proactively contributed to world peace and prosperity through the UN.
Therefore, under either customary international law or the Vienna Convention, it is unlikely that the U.N. would recognize the right of a state to unilaterally withdraw from the UN unless some fundamental change has occurred. In contrast to these arguments, sovereign states have the right to repudiate any treaty.
If the UN collapsed, all its projects, peacekeeping missions and agencies would stop operating. It is possible that international laws passed by the UN would no longer be in-place.
Originally Answered: What would happen if the USA left the UN? That would lead to the hollowing of the UN. We would see a lot less money used for peace-keeping efforts. We would also see less money devoted to issues like 'nonproliferation, counterterrorism, human rights, and development'.
As of January 2021, the WHO has 194 member states: all member states of the United Nations except for Liechtenstein (192 countries), plus the Cook Islands and Niue.
WHO regions include the African Region (AFRO), the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO), the South-East Asia Region (SEARO), the Region of the Americas (AMRO), the Western Pacific Region (WPRO), and the European Region (EURO) (Figure 1).
List of countries
|3||United States||4.2 %|
WHO's emblem was chosen by the First World Health Assembly in 1948. The emblem consists of the United Nations symbol surmounted by a staff with a snake coiling round it. The staff with the snake has long been a symbol of medicine and the medical profession.
The Greeks regarded snakes as sacred and used them in healing rituals to honor Asclepius, as snake venom was thought to be remedial and their skin-shedding was viewed as a symbol of rebirth and renewal.
Historically, serpents and snakes represent fertility or a creative life force. As snakes shed their skin through sloughing, they are symbols of rebirth, transformation, immortality, and healing. The ouroboros is a symbol of eternity and continual renewal of life.
The serpent and staff in the symbol portray the staff of Asclepius, an ancient Greek physician deified as the god of medicine. Overall, the staff represents medicine and healing, with the skin-shedding serpent being indicative of renewal.