Chromatin is the DNA and proteins that make up a chromosome. Chromosomes are the separate pieces of DNA in a cell.
Chromatin is a substance made up of DNA or RNA and proteins, such as histones. It condenses during cell division (mitosis or meiosis) and becomes a chromosome. Chromatins are “unwound” condensed structures whereas chromosomes are highly packaged and more condensed than chromatins.
The DNA is packaged by special proteins called histones to form chromatin. The chromatin further condenses to form chromosomes. This means chromatin is lower order of DNA organization whereas chromosomes are higher order of DNA organization.
Chromatin Fibers are Long and thin. They are uncoiled structures found inside the nucleus. Chromosomes are compact, thick and ribbon-like. These are coiled structures seen prominently during cell division.
What are the Similarities Between Chromatin and Chromosome? Both chromatin and chromosome contain DNA. We often associate these two with histone proteins. Moreover, both contain genetic information of the cell.
Chromatin is the material that makes up a chromosome that consists of DNA and protein. The major proteins in chromatin are proteins called histones. They act as packaging elements for the DNA. The reason that chromatin is important is that it's a pretty good packing trick to get all the DNA inside a cell.
|Difference between Chromosome and Chromatid|
|Chromosomes have centromeres||It is the Sister Chromatids only who have centromeres|
The main difference between chromatin and chromosome is that chromatin consists of the unravelled condensed structure of DNA for the purpose of packaging into the nucleus whereas chromosome consists of the highest condensed structure of the DNA doublehelix for the proper separation of the genetic material between .
DNA is the carrier of genetic information. Chromatins are the relaxed form of DNA in the nucleus of the cell. and Chromosomes are DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from one generation to another.
Telophase: In telophase, each new daughter chromosome is separated into its own nucleus. Chromatin fibers uncoil and become less condensed. Following cytokinesis, two genetically identical daughter cells are produced. Each cell has the same number of chromosomes.
In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
Chromosomes are contained units of genes passed from parents to offspring that determine an individual unique traits. Together, DNA, genes, and chromosomes make up each organism's genome. Every organism—and every individual—has a unique genome.
Two of the chromosomes (the X and the Y chromosome) determine your sex as male or female when you are born. They are called sex chromosomes: Females have 2 X chromosomes. Males have 1 X and 1 Y chromosome.
Based on the sole criterion of production of reproductive cells, there are two and only two sexes: the female sex, capable of producing large gametes (ovules), and the male sex, which produces small gametes (spermatozoa).
Each person normally has one pair of sex chromosomes in each cell. The Y chromosome is present in males, who have one X and one Y chromosome, while females have two X chromosomes.
The sex of a baby is determined by two sex chromosomes inherited from both the genetic parents. A baby will normally inherit one sex chromosome from the mother and one from the father. A woman has two X chromosomes and thus gives either of her X chromosomes.
You may have an amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling (CVS) during your pregnancy. These tests are similar to the free cell DNA blood test, but they are more invasive. Like the free cell DNA tests, they can tell you your baby's sex, just not as early. A CVS is usually performed between weeks 10 and 12.
Top tips for conceiving a girl
There's only one guaranteed way to conceive a girl, which is a procedure known as sex selection. This in vitro fertilization method (IVF) involves implanting a girl or boy embryo into the mother's uterus. This option, however, is expensive, and even illegal in some countries.