Religion is one of the major resources used to generate meaning in life. An individual's religion involves not only a set of beliefs, but also an involvement in a community of like-minded others.
The major types of religious organization are the church, sect, and cult. Two types of church organizations include the ecclesia and denomination. Although the term cult brings to mind negative connotations, several world religions began as cults, and most of today's cults are not violent.
Religion is a set of beliefs about God or the supernatural. An example of religion is Christianity. The belief in and reverence for a supernatural power or powers, regarded as creating and governing the universe. Respect for religion.
"And whatever you ask in prayer, you will receive, if you have faith." "For we walk by faith, not by sight." "But when you ask, you must believe and not doubt, because the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind." "Because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance."
Religions are belief systems that relate humanity to spirituality. The following definition from Wikipedia provides a good overview of the many dimensions of religion: Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values.
Religion is understood to influence subjective well-being through various ways: the religious community gives people a sense of belonging and provides an important source of social support; religion gives people's lives meaning and purpose; and finally, religion encourages people to lead healthier lifestyles.
Some people argue that we need religion to be moral - to give us a sense of right and wrong, and help us be 'good'. It sets a standard for good behaviour and punishes the bad. Others would say that it is perfectly possible to be moral and happy without believing in God or gods.
Christianity, Islam, and Orisa-Religion: Three Traditions in Comparison and Interaction on JSTOR.
Atheism. Atheism describes a state of having no theistic beliefs; that is, no beliefs in gods or supernatural beings.
Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism are always included in the list, being known as the "Big Five". Some scholars also include other religions, such as Sikhism, Zoroastrianism, or the Baháʼí Faith, in the category.
Adherents in 2020
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit. ''the Eternal Dharma''), which refers to the idea that its origins lie beyond human history, as revealed in the Hindu texts.
A 2016 Pew Center global study on religion and education around the world ranked Jews as the most educated (13.4 years of schooling) followed by Christians (9.3 years of schooling).
In 2017, the WIN-Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) poll found China and Sweden as the top two countries with highest percentage of those who claim themselves atheist or irreligious.
A 12-year-old English schoolboy from Bristol is now one of the smartest kids in the world after scoring an incredible 162 on the IQ test. It is the highest possible score for those under 18 and is higher than that of Albert Einstein, whose IQ was thought to be 160.
The IQ was calculated by dividing the individual's mental age (determined by performance on the test) by his or her chronological age and multiplying by 100. Today, the most commonly-used IQ test is the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.
Price, a professor at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London, and colleagues, tested 33 "healthy and neurologically normal" adolescents aged 12 to 16. Their IQ scores ranged from 77 to 135, with an average score of 112.