Key Takeaways. The USA Patriot Act is a U.S. law that granted law enforcement more powers aimed at preventing terrorist attacks. The law also requires the financial industry to report various suspicious customer behaviors as a measure against terrorism-related money laundering.
The purpose of the USA Patriot Act is to deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world.
However, the House and Senate passed two different versions of the legislation and never reconciled their differences. As a result, these three surveillance authorities all expired on the March 15, 2020, sunset date.
These provisions were modified and extended until 2019 by the USA Freedom Act, passed in 2015. In 2020, efforts to extend the provisions were not passed by the House of Representatives, and as such, the law has expired.
The Suspension Clause protects liberty by protecting the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. It provides that the federal government may not suspend this privilege except in extraordinary circumstances: when a rebellion or invasion occurs and the public safety requires it.
Hastily passed 45 days after 9/11 in the name of national security, the Patriot Act was the first of many changes to surveillance laws that made it easier for the government to spy on ordinary Americans by expanding the authority to monitor phone and email communications, collect bank and credit reporting records, and ...
A prime example of interference with individual rights comes from the USA PATRIOT Act, which violates the Fourth Amendment requirements of probable cause, unreasonable searches and seizures, and the right to privacy.
Section 215 of the Patriot Act violates the Constitution in several ways. It: Violates the Fourth Amendment, which says the government cannot conduct a search without obtaining a warrant and showing probable cause to believe that the person has committed or will commit a crime.
Some of the most obvious signs you are being spied on include: Someone seems to always be “bumping into you” in public. As if they always know when and where to find you. During divorce or separation, your ex-partner knows more details than they should about your activities, finances, or other details.
The PATRIOT Act amended a preexisting law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, governing all foreign intelligence and national security surveillance authorized by Congress (as opposed to internationally focused surveillance powers the president wields based on their inherent authority in the Constitution).
How is the Freedom Act different from the Patriot Act? The Freedom Act extends many of the would-be expired provisions of the Patriot Act, but with more limitations due to public scrutiny in the wake of the Edward Snowden revelations regarding bulk surveillance and interception.
Section 412 of the Patriot Act, titled, Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial review; violates the Sixth Amendment which guarantees a fair and speedy trial.
The popular film The Patriot is loosely based on the exploits of several real life historical figures including a British officer, Lt. Col. Banstre Tarleton and several American patriots: the "Swamp Fox," Francis Marion, Daniel Morgan, Elijah Clark, Thomas Sumter and Andrew Pickens.
According to The Patriot, slavery was practically nonexistent in South Carolina and really not that bad, anyway. The few slaves shown are a cheerful lot, all of whom have been given their freedom to retire to a beachside cabaña. There's even a token slave in Martin's militia.
Principal among the movie's gross inaccuracies is the portrayal of British soldiers as evil, bloodthirsty sadists. In one scene, redcoats are seen rounding up a village of screaming women, children and old men, locking them in a church and setting the building ablaze.
Tavington, in part based on real-life English soldier Banastre Tarleton, is a tyrant who kills his prisoners, shoots young boys, and, at one point, herds an entire community inside a local church, padlocks the door and burns it down.
Francis Marion was a man of his times: he owned slaves, and he fought in a brutal campaign against the Cherokee Indians.
The character of Benjamin Martin is loosely based on the real-life soldier Francis Marion, a.k.a. The Swamp Fox. The Swamp Fox taught soldiers guerrilla tactics.
Braveheart is loosely based on the real William Wallace of Scotland. The main subject of Braveheart is widely accepted by historians as having existed and been a major part of the Battle of Stirling Bridge, but William Wallace's story has grown to legendary proportions in Scottish history.
Fort Wilderness was a fictional battle/massacre from the 2000 movie the Patriot that took place in the 7 Years War (French and Indian War for Americans) and gave Mel Gibson's character Benjamin Martin (a composite of several real people, but mostly based on Francis Marion the “Swamp Fox”) a pretty bad case of PTSD.
Colonel Benjamin "The Ghost" Martin is the main protagonist of The Patriot and was a soldier that fought in the French and Indian War for Great Britain and in the American Revolutionary War for the United States of America. He was portrayed by the legendary Mel Gibson.