The cause of PAD is atherosclerosis. This happens when plaque builds up on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs. Plaque is a substance made up of fat and cholesterol. It causes the arteries to narrow or become blocked.
There's no cure for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but lifestyle changes and medicine can help reduce the symptoms. These treatments can also help reduce your risk of developing other types of cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as: coronary heart disease.
Painful cramping in one or both of your hips, thighs or calf muscles after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. Leg numbness or weakness. Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side. Sores on your toes, feet or legs that won't heal.
PAD is a serious condition that should be diagnosed promptly so doctors can reduce your risk as quickly as possible. PAD may be your first warning sign of a serious health problem. Atherosclerosis—or clogging—in the peripheral arteries is dangerous.
If left untreated, PAD can result in the need for a major amputation of the foot or leg. This is most concerning because the life expectancy for 60% of PAD amputee patients is only 2 to 5 years.
What Are the Symptoms of a Blocked Artery in Your Leg?
The femoral artery is the major blood vessel supplying blood to your legs. It's in your upper thigh, right near your groin.
Directly over the toenail with your hand step two squeeze until your toenail turns white then let goMoreDirectly over the toenail with your hand step two squeeze until your toenail turns white then let go your toenail should turn pink again within two to three seconds.
Here are a few helpful tips to improve circulation.
One of these, in particular, vitamin B3, can help people improve blood circulation. Also called niacin, B3 reduces inflammation and bad cholesterol. The vitamin is also important for increasing blood vessel function. Leafy green vegetables such as kale and spinach are good sources of vitamin B nutrients.
Staying hydrated helps circulation by improving blood flow throughout the body. Warm water is particularly beneficial as it encourages the veins to expand, thus allowing more room for blood to flow. Chilled water, on the other hand, may cause the veins to close up.
A new study by researchers at Indiana University published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise suggests that the impaired blood flow in leg arteries can actually be reversed by breaking up your sitting regimen with five-minute walking breaks.
Put your feet up on a stool or Ottoman six to twelve inches above the ground. While sleeping, prop your legs on a pillow to improve blood flow. This position is also healthy for your spine!
A vascular physician will diagnose any conditions, prescribe any medications you might need, and formulate an actionable treatment plan for managing your poor circulation. You may require medication or procedures to treat your conditions, but your doctor will also recommend lifestyle changes.
The best activity to improve circulation is aerobic exercise – the kind that makes you mildly out of breath. This includes jogging, swimming, cycling, dancing, rowing, boxing, team sports, aerobic or cardio classes, or brisk walking.
Massaging the legs and feet has often been touted as a way to increase circulation in the lower limbs. Unfortunately, there is little evidence that this is the case. Massages, while relaxing and enjoyable, are unlikely to lead to any clinically significant boost in circulation.
Foot massage boosts your circulation, which helps with healing and keeps your muscles and tissues healthy. That's especially important if you have health problems that add to poor circulation or nerve damage, like diabetes.
A Swedish massage improves circulation of both blood and lymph flow. Friction created between skin and fingers encourages an improved in circulation.
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