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What is the main cause of multiple sclerosis?

2022-07-11 19:00:02
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What is the main cause of multiple sclerosis?

The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It's considered an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS , this immune system malfunction destroys the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).

What are usually the first signs of MS?

Common early signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) include:

  • vision problems.
  • tingling and numbness.
  • pains and spasms.
  • weakness or fatigue.
  • balance problems or dizziness.
  • bladder issues.
  • sexual dysfunction.
  • cognitive problems.

What does MS do to a person?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition that can affect the brain and spinal cord, causing a wide range of potential symptoms, including problems with vision, arm or leg movement, sensation or balance. It's a lifelong condition that can sometimes cause serious disability, although it can occasionally be mild.

Is multiple sclerosis curable?

There's currently no cure for multiple sclerosis (MS), but it's possible to treat the symptoms with medicines and other treatments. Treatment for MS depends on the specific symptoms and difficulties the person has. It may include: treating relapses of MS symptoms (with steroid medicine)

How long can I live with MS?

Average life span of 25 to 35 years after the diagnosis of MS is made are often stated. Some of the most common causes of death in MS patients are secondary complications resulting from immobility, chronic urinary tract infections, compromised swallowing and breathing.

What are the signs of MS in adults?

Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • fatigue.
  • vision problems.
  • numbness and tingling.
  • muscle spasms, stiffness and weakness.
  • mobility problems.
  • pain.
  • problems with thinking, learning and planning.
  • depression and anxiety.

What are the symptoms of MS in a woman?

MS symptoms in females include the following:

  • Vision problems. For many people, a vision problem is the first noticeable symptom of MS. ...
  • Numbness. Numbness in the face, body, arms, or legs is another common symptom of MS. ...
  • Fatigue. ...
  • Bladder problems. ...
  • Bowel problems. ...
  • Pain. ...
  • Cognitive changes. ...
  • Depression.

What are the four stages of MS?

What are the 4 stages of MS?

  • Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) This is the first episode of symptoms caused by inflammation and damage to the myelin covering on nerves in the brain or spinal cord. ...
  • Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) ...
  • Secondary-progressive MS (SPMS) ...
  • Primary-progressive MS (PPMS)

How does MS affect your legs?

Over time, your muscles can get weaker and weaker. Some people with MS find that their muscles tire more easily than usual. For example, someone with MS might find that their legs might start to feel unstable or they may have trouble moving them after periods of exercise, like walking.

Is walking good for MS?

Research tells us exercise can help you manage multiple sclerosis symptoms, including fatigue, and problems with balance and walking. Exercising can also: improve your mood. improve your overall health when your MS is mild.

How do they test you for MS?

There are no specific tests for MS . Instead, a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis often relies on ruling out other conditions that might produce similar signs and symptoms, known as a differential diagnosis. Your doctor is likely to start with a thorough medical history and examination.

What does MS leg pain feel like?

It often occurs in the legs. Paraesthesia types include pins and needles, tingling, shivering, burning pains, feelings of pressure, and areas of skin with heightened sensitivity to touch. The pains associated with these can be aching, throbbing, stabbing, shooting, gnawing, tingling, tightness and numbness.

Can a blood test detect MS?

While there is no definitive blood test for MS, blood tests can rule out other conditions that cause symptoms similar to those of MS, including lupus erythematosis, Sjogren's, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, some infections, and rare hereditary diseases.

Is MS pain worse at night?

“MS pain that commonly interferes with sleep is neuropathic pain — often described as burning, shooting, searing, or deeply aching. This pain can be relentless and is often worse at night.”

How does MS affect your hands?

Numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands is a common symptom of MS. Symptoms that affect the hands result in less functionality and more difficulty in performing everyday tasks.

Where does MS usually start?

Here's where MS (typically) starts

Optic neuritis, or inflammation of the optic nerve, is usually the most common, Shoemaker says. You may experience eye pain, blurred vision and headache.

Can MS make you itch?

It's common for people with MS to experience strange sensations (also known as dysesthesias). These sensations can feel like pins and needles, burning, stabbing, or tearing. Itching (pruritus) is another symptom of MS. These physical feelings are often early signs of MS.

Does MS cause numbness in face?

Numbness of the face, body or extremities (arms and legs) is one of the most common symptoms of MS. It may be the first MS symptom you experienced. The numbness may be mild or so severe that it interferes with your ability to use the affected body part.

What is tingling in legs a symptom of?

Long-term numbness or a tingling feeling in the legs and feet may be due to conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), diabetes, peripheral artery disease, or fibromyalgia. The sensation may be felt in the whole leg, below the knee, or in different areas of the foot.

Can MS cause dry throat?

This can happen when the nerves that control the muscles in the mouth and throat become damaged. It can also be a result of numbness of the mouth and throat, or mouth dryness due to medication. Difficulty swallowing can be a serious problem, and it's important to seek diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.

Does MS cause cold hands and feet?

Doctors believe that MS can cause blood vessels in your hands and feet to overreact to cold temperatures. If you have MS, you may also be at risk for Raynaud's phenomenon, a condition in which your fingers and toes lose heat.