On a basic level, autoimmune disease occurs because the body's natural defenses — the immune system — attack the body's own healthy tissue. Researchers have several ideas about why this happens. When the body senses danger from a virus or infection, the immune system kicks into gear and attacks it.
According to The Autoimmune Registry, the top 10 most common autoimmune diseases include:
Examples of autoimmune diseases include:
Jun 22, 2020
If you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks the healthy cells of your organs and tissues by mistake. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases. They can affect almost any part of your body. For example, alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease of the skin that causes hair loss.
Your autoimmune disease symptoms may change with time. They may go into remission, where you have minimal or no symptoms, or they could flare up, making the disease worse. Although they can't be cured, some of the symptoms can be treated. Many people with autoimmune diseases can live a normal life.
Autoimmune disorders in general cannot be cured, but the condition can be controlled in many cases. Historically, treatments include: anti-inflammatory drugs – to reduce inflammation and pain. corticosteroids – to reduce inflammation.
Although autoimmune disorders can make life miserable, they usually are chronic and not fatal, Shomon says. Most are handled by a range of doctors from internist to rheumatologist to dermatologist.
Eating a well-balanced diet and getting regular exercise may also help you feel better. BOTTOM LINE: The main treatment for autoimmune diseases is with medications that bring down inflammation and calm the overactive immune response. Treatments can also help relieve symptoms.
Although autoimmune disorders run in families and susceptibility genes have been identified, identical twins of patients usually don't get the disease. That means that there must be an environmental trigger to set off the autoimmune response, Rose says.
It is difficult to suggest which risk factors place you at the greatest risk of an autoimmune disease. In some cases, you are simply predisposed at birth. At other times, the disease may be caused by conditions you cannot control, like EBV infections which occur in more than 90% of the population9.
A new study has raised the possibility that stress may cause autoimmune disease, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, because it found a higher incidence of autoimmune diseases among people who were previously diagnosed with stress-related disorders.
|Autoimmune condition||Average age of onset|
May 13, 2020
It has also been found that people with multiple autoimmune diseases are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than people with normal immune function.
Anything which places stress on the immune system has the potential to trigger a flare-up. Even good stress like traveling or getting married could put your body under additional strain, especially if you are already experiencing symptoms of an autoimmune disease.
The fatigue suggests tiredness and maybe sleepiness. But the fatigue experienced by many patients with an autoimmune disease is much more than that and results in complex array of problems and challenges.
Autoimmune diseases occur when the body mistakenly attacks healthy tissues or cells. This leads to inflammation, which may trigger a variety of symptoms such as fatigue, rash, pain, swelling, difficulty focusing, and a tingling or numb sensation.
Common autoimmune disorders include:
Apr 24, 2021
“There's usually no single test to diagnose autoimmune disease. You have to have certain symptoms combined with specific blood markers and in some cases, even a tissue biopsy. It's not just one factor.” Diagnosis can also be difficult because these symptoms can come from other common conditions.
In general, an overactive immune system leads to many autoimmune disorders — because of hyperactive immune responses your body can't tell the difference between your healthy, normal cells and invaders. In essence, your immune system turns against you.
Autoimmune diseases are not easy to diagnose unless specific prominent symptoms are present. Autoimmunity, however, can be diagnosed with a blood test that looks for auto-antibodies or tests looking for inflammation and dysfunction of certain organs most likely to be damaged by an immune system gone rogue.