The core of the basic belief and doctrine of Taoism is that "Tao" is the origin and law of all things in the universe. Taoists believes that people can become deities or live forever through practicing certain rituals and austerities. They also practice a philosophy of wu wei, or inaction.
The important Taoist principles are inaction, simplicity and living in harmony with nature. Taoist philosophical principle rested on a belief in the law of unity of the two opposite forces: yin and yang.
Taoist thought focuses on genuineness, longevity, health, immortality, vitality, wu wei (non-action, a natural action, a perfect equilibrium with tao), detachment, refinement (emptiness), spontaneity, transformation and omni-potentiality.
First, yes Taoists do pray. Second, there two types of Taoism: Official/Philosophical Taoism (道家), and Religious/Theological/Folk Taoism (道教/民间道教). BOTH parties absolutely prays.
Taoist Cultivation practices include stillness meditation, internal alchemical meditation, ritual, martial arts, life nourishing through diet, qigong and living in harmony with the seasons and calendar.
The traditional Taoist diet consisted mainly of fresh fruits and vegetables, with little meat and NO cereals – as the belief was during the digestive process, demonic creatures will be released from the rotting grains in your stomach and they will try to eat you from the inside out.
Classical Taoist teaching recommends abstaining from alcohol, meat, beans and grains.
The Taoist diet is based on eating locally-grown organic produce in season when possible and avoiding acidic foods, artificial food additives, heavily processed foods and those difficult to digest. Emphasis is placed on whole grains, fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, soy products and warm, cooked food.
Vegetarianism. Taoist religious orders often promote a vegetarian diet in order to minimize harm to other sentient life. Taoist levels of dietary restriction, however, are varied.
Laozi said: "The precept against taking of intoxicants is: One should not take any alcoholic drinks, unless he has to take some to cure his illness, to regale the guests with a feast, or to conduct religious ceremonies."
Taoists believe that good actions will mean a better life for their soul so Taoists follow rules and guides for living. They are not allowed to tell lies, steal, commit adultery, commit murder or drink alcohol. They also have a list of good deeds to further guide they way they live.
Sexual practices. The Daoist spectrum of sexual activities ranged widely across schools. Some stressed strict celibacy, others mystically married celestial partners, and still others practiced communal ritual intercourse.
Unlike much of western society, Taoists do not view marriage or divorce as religious matters, according to the “Cultural Sociology of Divorce: An Encyclopedia,” edited by Robert E. Emery. They see marriage and divorce as civil matters determined by law.
Don't harbor hatred or jealousy in your heart. Don't give rise to dark thieving thoughts. Be reserved in speech and wary of transgressions. Keep your thoughts on the Divine Law.
Suddenly, Taoism embodied the philosophical aspects of the Tao in a stylized religious form. Taoism as a Religion: While many Western religions emphasize a duality between good and evil, urging devotees to embrace the good and spurn the evil, Taoism saw these moral qualities as two extremes of a single spectrum.
In Taoism one's soul or energy is considered to be interlocked with the vital energy, which is what nourishes your soul. Ridding the body of impurities can increase this energy. Aside from these requirements, you must lead an upright, moral and good-hearted life.
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It disapproves of killing, stealing, lying and promiscuity, and promotes altruistic, helpful and kindly behaviour. Taoists believe such good behaviour is an essential part not only of self-improvement but of improving the world as a whole. Cultivate the Tao within oneself; and one's virtue will be perfected.
the ability to live forever; life
• Immortality—the ability to live forever; life without end. • Daoism—a polytheistic religion with three levels of Immortals: o First level (highest)—those who were immortal before the earth was created: the Jade. Emperor, the supreme deity of Daoism who presides over Heaven; Dao Zhun, who.
Taoism and Buddhism are two influential philosophical and religious beliefs both originating in Asia- the former from China, the latter from India. Taoism's ultimate goal is Tao (the way), which is harmony with the infinite and first-cause of the universe.