A REST API (also known as RESTful API) is an application programming interface (API or web API) that conforms to the constraints of REST architectural style and allows for interaction with RESTful web services. REST stands for representational state transfer and was created by computer scientist Roy Fielding.
For example, a REST API would use a GET request to retrieve a record, a POST request to create one, a PUT request to update a record, and a DELETE request to delete one. All HTTP methods can be used in API calls. A well-designed REST API is similar to a website running in a web browser with built-in HTTP functionality.
The primary goal of API is to standardize data exchange between web services. Depending on the type of API, the choice of protocol changes. On the other hand, REST API is an architectural style for building web services that interact via an HTTP protocol.
A RESTful API is an architectural style for an application program interface (API) that uses HTTP requests to access and use data. That data can be used to GET, PUT, POST and DELETE data types, which refers to the reading, updating, creating and deleting of operations concerning resources.
SOAP uses only XML for exchanging information in its message format whereas REST is not restricted to XML and its the choice of implementer which Media-Type to use like XML, JSON, Plain-text. Moreover, REST can use SOAP protocol but SOAP cannot use REST.
SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is a standards-based web services access protocol that has been around for a long time. Originally developed by Microsoft, SOAP isn't as simple as the acronym would suggest. REST (Representational State Transfer) is another standard, made in response to SOAP's shortcomings.
For some, REST means a server that exchanges JSON documents with a client over HTTP. Not only is that not a complete definition, but it's also not always true. The REST specification doesn't require HTTP or JSON. (The spec doesn't mention JSON or XML at all.)
One of the reasons for the popularity of REST API is that it is user-friendly and it is easy to understand for the developers to code on it. Developing REST API is easier than the rest when your actual focus is on data.
REST allows a greater variety of data formats, whereas SOAP only allows XML. Coupled with JSON (which typically works better with data and offers faster parsing), REST is generally considered easier to work with. Thanks to JSON, REST offers better support for browser clients.
REST is a better choice for simple, CRUD-oriented services, because of the way REST repurposes HTTP methods (GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE). It is also popular because it's lightweight and has a smaller learning curve. SOAP, on the other hand, has standards for security, addressing, etc.
Put simply, there are no differences between REST and RESTful as far as APIs are concerned. REST is the set of constraints. RESTful refers to an API adhering to those constraints. It can be used in web services, applications, and software.
SOAP vs. REST comparison table
|Advantages||High security, standardized, extensibility.||Scalability, better performance, browser-friendliness, flexibility.|
|Disadvantages||Poorer performance, more complexity, less flexibility.||Less security, not suitable for distributed environments.|
Mar 5, 2021
API stands for Application Programming Interface, and comprises a set of standards that allow two applications to talk to each other. REST APIs are a certain pattern of building APIs. They are based on the HTTP protocol, sending and receiving JSON or XML data through URIs (uniform resource identifier).
Consume API directly into ABAP
Apr 22, 2020
To access SAP Mobile Services REST services, develop your HTTP client application to use the REST Services API . For all user requests that require authentication, send the authentication information to SAP Mobile Services. The credentials, which you provide in the header, depend on the type of security configuration.
OData rests on HTML technology, which resolves the problem of being REST-based in a way. It supports two Protocols for Data Transfer, the XML-based Atom format and JSON. OData also has guidance for performing actions like defining reusable procedures, tracking changes, and sending many REST requests.
OData helps you focus on your business logic while building RESTful APIs without having to worry about the various approaches to define request and response headers, status codes, HTTP methods, URL conventions, media types, payload formats, query options, etc.”
The OData protocol is built on top of the AtomPub protocol. The AtomPub protocol is one of the best examples of REST API design. So, in a sense you are right - the OData is just another REST API and each OData implementation is a REST-ful web service.
What Is a SOAP API? SOAP is a standard communication protocol system that permits processes using different operating systems like Linux and Windows to communicate via HTTP and its XML. SOAP based APIs are designed to create, recover, update and delete records like accounts, passwords, leads, and custom objects.