A political machine (sometimes called just machine in politics) is a political organization in which a person or small group with authority that has enough votes or is popular enough to have control over political administration or any type of government in a city, county, or state.
Political machines started as grass roots organizations to gain the patronage needed to win the modern election. Having strong patronage, these "clubs" were the main driving force in gaining and getting out the "straight party vote" in the election districts.
Definition- Political machines were organizations linked to a political party that often controlled local government. Usage- In the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century, it was mainly the larger cities like Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, New York City and Philadelphia that had political machines.
How did political machines work? a group that controlled the activities of a party; they offered services to voters and business and wanted in exchange political and financial support.
Although the primary goal of a political machine is keeping itself in power rather than providing good government, machines have been responsible for restructuring city governments to centralize authority, improving facilities and services, helping to assimilate immigrant groups, and encouraging the growth of business ...
These organizations controlled access to political power by rigging votes, buying people's loyalty — and their ballots. Tammany Hall in New York City became the most famous, but Philadelphia, Boston and Chicago had their own political machines.
William Magear Tweed (April 3, 1823 – April 12, 1878), often erroneously referred to as "William Marcy Tweed" (see below), and widely known as "Boss" Tweed, was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of ...
What factors led to the rise of political machines? New demands were put on city governments for city services (fire, police, sewage, water, etc.) Taxes increased and new offices were set up to help with these. Define political machines (in your own words).
They were known as machines because they worked as a vehicle for political enfranchisement. In many cities, machines helped win elections by bringing large numbers of voters on voting day in America. Political machines provided city dwellers with services, including job and business, in exchange for votes.
Why were political machines difficult to break up? They created a cycle of favors for votes. Why were so few violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act brought to court? Court cases cost too much time and money.
Political machines and political bosses helped them settle providing them with basics such as rented accommodation. Therefore the concept of bossism was developed. In return they expected and got the political support of the immigrant communities at elections.
Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St. Tammany, the Sons of St. Tammany, or the Columbian Order, was a New York City political organization founded in 1786 and incorporated on May 12, 1789, as the Tammany Society.
Bosses may base their power on the support of numerous voters, usually organized voting blocs, and manage a coalition of these blocs and various other stakeholders. When the party wins, they typically control appointments in their unit, and have a voice at the higher levels.
What tactics did bosses and political machines use to gain control of local governments? Cheating by bribing the voters and trading favors for votes.
Immigrants supported political machines because they provided jobs and services such as a fire brigade. What effect did muckrakers have on reform? Muckrakers influenced voters, causing them to put pressure on politicians, the politicians then had to support reforms.
The machines offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support. Political machines gained control of local government in major US cities. At the base there were local precinct workers who tried to gain voters' support on a city block and reported to a ward boss.
How did political bosses corrupt city governments? They sometimes took payoffs from businesses and stole public funds, and they often used their power to influence officeholders.
The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress.
Political Machine. A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity.
Political corruption ran amok during the Gilded Age as corporations bribed politicians to ensure government policies favored big businesses over workers.