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What is a hurricane short answer?

2022-07-15 16:00:03
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What is a hurricane short answer?

A hurricane is a large rotating storm with high speed winds that forms over warm waters in tropical areas. Hurricanes have sustained winds of at least 74 miles per hour and an area of low air pressure in the center called the eye. Different Names for Hurricanes.

What 3 things make a hurricane?

Thunderstorms, warm ocean water and light wind are needed for a hurricane to form (A). Once formed, a hurricane consists of huge rotating rain bands with a center of clear skies called the eye which is surrounded by the fast winds of the eyewall (B).

What wind speed is a hurricane?

74 mph

When the tropical cyclone's winds reach 39-73 mph (34-63 kt), it is called a tropical storm. When the winds exceed 74 mph (64 kt), the storm is considered to be a hurricane. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale defines hurricane strength by categories.

What makes it a hurricane?

Those with maximum sustained winds of 39 mph or higher are called tropical storms. When a storm's maximum sustained winds reach 74 mph, it is called a hurricane. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating, or category, based on a hurricane's maximum sustained winds.

What is a hurricane for kids?

A hurricane is a large rotating storm with high speed winds that forms over warm waters in tropical areas. Hurricanes have sustained winds of at least 74 miles per hour and an area of low air pressure in the center called the eye.

What are 5 characteristics of a hurricane?

A hurricane consists of five main parts: outflow, feeder bands, eyewall, eye, and the storm surge. Outflow is the high-level clouds moving outward from the hurricane. Feeder bands are the areas of heavy rain and gusty winds fed by the warm ocean. They get more pronounced as the storm intensifies.

What can a hurricane do?

Hurricanes are one of nature's most powerful storms. They produce strong winds, storm surge flooding, and heavy rainfall that can lead to inland flooding, tornadoes, and rip currents.

What's inside the eye of a hurricane?

The eye is a region of mostly calm weather at the center of tropical cyclones. The eye of a storm is a roughly circular area, typically 30–65 kilometers (19–40 miles) in diameter. It is surrounded by the eyewall, a ring of towering thunderstorms where the most severe weather and highest winds occur.

How long do hurricanes last?

Each hurricane usually lasts for over a week, moving 10-20 miles per hour over the open ocean. Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean waters.

What are the 7 stages of a hurricane?

The Stages of a Hurricane

  • – Disturbance Formation.
  • – Tropical Disturbance.
  • – Tropical Depression.
  • – Tropical Storm.
  • – Hurricane.
  • – Dissipation.

Dec 3, 2020

What is the strongest hurricane?

Here are the strongest hurricanes to hit the U.S. mainland based on windspeed at landfall:

  • Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: 185-mph in Florida.
  • Hurricane Camille (1969): 175-mph in Mississippi.
  • Hurricane Andrew (1992): 165-mph in Florida.
  • Hurricane Michael (2018): 155-mph in Florida.

Sep 1, 2021

How big can a hurricane get?

Typical hurricanes are about 300 miles wide although they can vary considerably in size. The eye at a hurricane's center is a relatively calm, clear area approximately 20-40 miles across. The eyewall surrounding the eye is composed of dense clouds that contain the highest winds in the storm.

How are hurricanes rated?

The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. This scale estimates potential property damage. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage.

What is a Category 7 hurricane?

A Category 7 is a hypothetical rating beyond the maximum rating of Category 5. A storm of this magnitude would most likely have winds between 215 and 245 mph, with a minimum pressure between 820-845 millibars. The storm could likely have a large wind field and a small eye.

How deep can a hurricane get?

In fact, measurable disturbances of a hurricane only reach a maximum depth of about 90 meters (~300 feet) below the surface—the approximate height of the Statue of Liberty.

Is a Cat 6 hurricane possible?

There is no such thing as a category 6 hurricane or tropical storm – yet. The highest level – the top of the scale for the most powerful, most devastating hurricane or tropical storm capable of destroying entire cities like New Orleans or New York – is a category 5 storm.

Does hurricane affect ocean?

As the hurricane grows larger and more potent, it can generate waves as high as 18.3 meters , tossing and mixing warmer surface waters with the colder, saltier water below. The resulting currents can extend as far as 91.5 meters below the surface, wreaking deadly havoc on marine life.

What does a hurricane begin as?

Warm ocean waters and thunderstorms fuel power-hungry hurricanes. Hurricanes form over the ocean, often beginning as a tropical wave—a low pressure area that moves through the moisture-rich tropics, possibly enhancing shower and thunderstorm activity.

Where are hurricanes created?

Hurricanes begin as tropical storms over the warm moist waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans near the equator. (Near the Phillippines and the China Sea, hurricanes are called typhoons.) As the moisture evaporates it rises until enormous amounts of heated moist air are twisted high in the atmosphere.

Where are hurricanes born?

They form near the equator over warm ocean waters. Actually, the term hurricane is used only for the large storms that form over the Atlantic Ocean or eastern Pacific Ocean. The generic, scientific term for these storms, wherever they occur, is tropical cyclone.

How does a hurricane end?

A hurricane dies down when it loses its energy source, which is usually warm water at the surface of the ocean.