The right to vote (also known as suffrage) is an important part of our democracy. Throughout history, different groups were prevented from taking part in the voting process. At one point, women, people of color, and immigrants could not vote. People without money, property, or an education were also barred from voting.
Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections. Beginning in the mid-19th century, aside from the work being done by women for broad-based economic and political equality and for social reforms, women sought to change voting laws to allow them to vote.
The suffrage movement means the right to vote or franchise. It was the struggle for the privilege of women to vote and run for office and is part of the overall women's rights movement. British women organised the Suffrage Movement in the early 20th century to win political rights and for participation in government.
It allows citizens to make laws and elect people to represent them in government. For groups that have fought for suffrage, getting the vote has not been the end of struggle. Instead, it was just the first stage in getting political and social equality, a struggle that continues today.
The Suffragettes were part of the 'Votes for Women' campaign that had long fought for the right of women to vote in the UK. They used art, debate, propaganda, and attack on property including window smashing and arson to fight for female suffrage. Suffrage means the right to vote in parliamentary and general elections.
Emmeline Pankhurst stated that the suffragettes committed violent acts because they wanted to "terrorise the British public". The WSPU also reported each of its attacks in its newspaper The Suffragette under the headline "Reign of Terror".
The term “suffragettes” originated in Great Britain to mock women fighting for the right to vote (women in Britain were struggling for the right to vote at the same time as those in the U.S.). Some women in Britain embraced the term as a way of appropriating it from its pejorative use.
Suffragists believed in peaceful, constitutional campaign methods. In the early 20th century, after the suffragists failed to make significant progress, a new generation of activists emerged. These women became known as the suffragettes, and they were willing to take direct, militant action for the cause.
Emmeline Pankhurst founded the Women's Social and Political Union, whose members — known as suffragettes — fought to enfranchise women in the United Kingdom.
Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928) became involved in women's suffrage in 1880. She was a founding member of the WSPU in 1903 and led it until it disbanded in 1918.
I believe the suffragists and suffragettes were only effective to an extent when split into individual groups, however when grouped together their different techniques were far more effective as they show both responsibility and determination which was necessary to get the votes.
Surprising to some, many of the suffragists' strongest supporters were their husbands, fathers, brothers, uncles, and other men. There were men throughout the country who were themselves suffragists and who lent their support to advancing the women's cause.
The Suffragettes were helped, too, rather than hindered by the stupidity and brutality of those in authority. Time and again these brave women were sent to prison where they were treated with less consideration than the commonest and vilest criminal. When they went on hunger strike, they were forcibly fed.
She talked of the suffragist movement as being like a glacier, slow but unstoppable. By 1900 they had achieved some success, gaining the support of some Conservative MPs, as well as the new but rather small Labour Party.
From 1905 onwards the Suffragettes' campaign became more violent. Their motto was 'Deeds Not Words' and they began using more aggressive tactics to get people to listen. This included breaking windows, planting bombs, handcuffing themselves to railings and going on hunger strikes.
It can be seen that the suffragettes used extreme amount of violence to gain the public light, which at times seemed unnecessary. This eventually made the government build up resilience towards it. The more aggression they used against the politicians, the more testing it would be to gain the vote from them.
By 1912, militancy associated with the Suffragette movement hit its peak, with regular arson attacks, window-smashing campaigns and targeting of MPs' houses. In retrospect, these tactics are often what the movement is famed for.
World War I slowed the suffragists' campaign but helped them advance their argument nonetheless: Women's work on behalf of the war effort, activists pointed out, proved that they were just as patriotic and deserving of citizenship as men. Finally, on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified.
It is estimated that their campaign of destruction caused between £1 billion and £2 billion worth of damage to property in 1913-1914. The suffragettes aimed their violence against property, not people. Nevertheless, their actions satisfy common definitions of “terrorism”.