Urine specific gravity is a laboratory test that shows the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine.
High specific gravity suggests that the concentration of urine is too high. This can be a sign of dehydration, and the doctor may recommend drinking more clear fluids. Conditions that cause high specific gravity include: dehydration.
In general, normal values for specific gravity are as follows: 1.005 to 1.030 (normal specific gravity) 1.001 after drinking excessive amounts of water.
Low specific gravity (SG) (1.001-1.003) may indicate the presence of diabetes insipidus, a disease caused by impaired functioning of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Low SG also can occur in patients with glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, and other renal abnormalities.
The normal range for urine specific gravity is 1.005 to 1.030. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.
Normal results in adults generally range from 1.010 to 1.020. Abnormal results are generally those below 1.010 or above 1.020. In patients with certain kidney diseases, USG doesn't vary with fluid intake and is called a fixed specific gravity.
Specific gravity is usually 1.010-1.025 (normal range: 1.003-1.030) and highest in the morning. A value >1.025 indicates normal concentrating ability. A value >1.035-1.040 suggests possible contamination, very high levels of glucose, or recently received low-molecular-weight dextran or high-density radiopaque dyes.
Your urine specific gravity is generally considered normal in the ranges of 1.005 to 1.030. If you drink a lot of water, 1.001 may be normal. If you avoid drinking fluids, levels higher than 1.030 may be normal.
Normal: 1.005–1.030 . Abnormal: A very high specific gravity means very concentrated urine, which may be caused by not drinking enough fluid, loss of too much fluid (excessive vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea), or substances (such as sugar or protein) in the urine.
Drinking water will not treat the cause of protein in your urine unless you are dehydrated. Drinking water will dilute your urine (water down the amount of protein and everything else in your urine), but will not stop the cause of your kidneys leaking protein.
What do the results mean? If there are nitrites in your urine, it may mean that you have a UTI. However, even if no nitrites are found, you still may have an infection, because bacteria don't always change nitrates into nitrites.
A urobilinogen in urine test measures the amount of urobilinogen in a urine sample. Urobilinogen is formed from the reduction of bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance found in your liver that helps break down red blood cells. Normal urine contains some urobilinogen.
The normal urobilinogen concentration in urine ranges from 0.1-1.8 mg/dl (1.7-30 µmol/l), concentrations >2.0 mg/dl (34 µmol/l) are considered to be pathological. Urobilinogen does not occur in urine, unless bilirubin gets into the intestines.
Normal values are as follows:
Dec 15, 2015
Hematuria on a UA should be reported as 0 to 3 RBC/HPF, 4 to 10 RBC/HPF, 11 to 25 RBC/HPF, 26 to 50 RBC/HPF, >50 RBC/HPF, or gross hematuria.
Jul 2, 2019
Leukocyte esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine. This may mean you have a urinary tract infection. If this test is positive, the urine should be examined under a microscope for white blood cells and other signs that point to an infection.
If you're healthy, you can still have elevated leukocytes in your bloodstream and urine. A normal range in the bloodstream is between 4,500-11,000 WBCs per microliter. A normal range in the urine is lower than in the blood, and may be from 0-5 WBCs per high power field (wbc/hpf).
In a normal urinalysis it is common for there to be 0 to 5 leukocytes per field. There may be higher amounts in women depending to their age and menstrual cycle. When there are more than 5 leukocytes per field, the sample is identified as "pyuria", which describes that there are high levels of leukocytes in the urine.
It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection. Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination.