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0-2.5: Normal for a man 40-50 yrs. 2.5-3.5: Normal for a man 50-60 yrs. 3.5-4.5: Normal for a man 60-70 yrs. 4.5-5.5: Normal for a man 70-80 yrs.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by normal prostate cells. This enzyme participates in the dissolution of the seminal fluid coagulum and plays an important role in fertility. The highest amounts of PSA are found in the seminal fluid; some PSA escapes the prostate and can be found in the serum.
What Does a High PSA Level Mean? High PSA levels could be a sign of prostate cancer or a different condition like prostatitis or an enlarged prostate. Other things can affect your PSA level: Age. Your PSA will normally go up slowly as you get older, even if you have no prostate problems.
Tips for Naturally Lowering PSA Levels
Prostate screening tests might include: Digital rectal exam (DRE). During a DRE , your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum to examine your prostate, which is adjacent to the rectum. If your doctor finds any abnormalities in the texture, shape or size of the gland, you may need further tests.
put on gloves and put lubricant on one finger. assess the area around the rectum for anything unusual. gently insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum. feel the prostate to assess the size and check for bumps, soft or hard spots, and other abnormalities.
You will feel some pressure when the probe is inserted, but it is usually not painful. Usually between 6 – 12 (sometimes more) prostatic tissue samples are obtained and the entire procedure lasts about 10 minutes. A local anesthetic can be used to numb the area and reduce any pain.
Besides an at-home PSA blood test, there is no easy way to test yourself for prostate cancer at home. It's recommended to see a physician for a digital rectal exam, as they have experience feeling prostates for lumps or enlarged prostate.
Symptoms of Prostate Problems
6 days ago
Left untreated, an enlarged prostate can lead to a sudden inability to urinate, cause urinary tract infections and bladder or kidney damage.
In addition, you may have pain around the base of the penis and behind the scrotum, pain in the lower back, and the feeling of a full rectum. As the prostate becomes more swollen, you may find it more difficult to urinate, and the urine stream may become weak.
Symptoms of enlarged prostate can include:
Aug 29, 2011
The urologist can remove all or part of the prostate through the incision. This surgery is used most often when the prostate is greatly enlarged, complications occur, or the bladder is damaged and needs repair.
Conclusions: Prostate cancer and its treatment affects urinary and bowel functions. The increased risk of having leakage of faeces after radical prostatectomy may be a chance phenomenon due to few patients subjected to surgery, but warrants further investigation.
Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back. Pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum (perineum) Pain or discomfort of the penis or testicles.
In studies, men with an enlarged prostate found their symptoms got better after taking ED meds, such as: Avanafil (Stendra) Sildenafil (Viagra)
For most patients, BPH (enlarged prostate) is curable. Some people see a significant reduction in symptoms with medication alone. If medicine does not work, or your prostate is too large, surgery will often remove enough of the prostate to provide you with relief.
The options include:
Share on Pinterest Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries are recommended as part of an enlarged prostate diet. The prostate gland is controlled by powerful hormones known as the sex hormones, including testosterone.
Because BPH cannot be cured, the treatment focuses on reducing the symptoms. The treatment is based on how severe the symptoms are, how much they bother the patient and whether there are complications. The more irritating the symptoms are, the more aggressive treatment should be.