What does it mean to say et al?

2022-07-15 09:00:02

What does it mean to say et al?

and others

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al. (2019) argue that … Different citation styles have different rules for when to use “et al.” Below, we explain the rules for APA, MLA, and Chicago.

How do you use et al?

How to Use Et Al.

  1. Don't use et al. ...
  2. For references with three to five authors, list all the authors in the first citation of the work, but abbreviate using the name of the first author and et al. ...
  3. For references with more than six authors, cite using the first author's name plus et al.

Why do we use et al?

The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Here's how it works: Only include the first author's last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

Should et al be italicized Harvard?

If you have a choice, consider using “et al.” in your reference list. This is preferable, since it helps keep your references succinct. To use “et al.” in your references, state the name of the first listed author and follow it by “et al.” in italics in the author section of the citation.

How do you write et al in text Harvard?

In the citation, if a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase “et al.” Example citations: It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2011).

How do you quote Harvard style?

Harvard style - quotation

The Harvard Style dictates that when using another's exact words, known as direct quotation, then those words must be placed in inverted commas/quotation marks ('' or "") followed by an in-text citation that includes the Author Last name, Year and page numbers.

When should you use et al within in text citation?

The phrase “et al.” is used with in-text citations only when referencing a source that has three or more authors. Include the name of only the first author's last name plus “et al.” in every citation.

What is DOI in Harvard referencing?

In Harvard style, to reference a journal article, you need the author name(s), the year, the article title, the journal name, the volume and issue numbers, and the page range on which the article appears. If you accessed the article online, add a DOI (digital object identifier) if available.

What is a DOI vs URL?

DOIs can be found in database records and the reference lists of published works. A URL specifies the location of digital information on the internet and can be found in the address bar of your internet browser.

What is the DOI of a book?

Digital Object Identifier

A DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an electronic article or book and link to it on the web. The DOI helps readers locate a document even if the physical location of the document changes.

How do you read a DOI?

To find a DOI number for an article, look on the first page and in the header or footer information. If you see a "DOI:" followed by a string of numbers, you'll know that you have found it.

How DOI find my report number?

Where to find the report number. Many reports are associated with a specific number. If a report has a number, it will typically be listed in the database where you found the report. It will also generally appear on the cover or title page of the report itself.

What citation uses footnotes?

Typically, Oxford, Chicago and Turabian will use footnotes for in-text citations. MLA and APA will also use footnotes but to provide content or copyright information, and not typically for attribution.

How do you unlock a locked article?

5 free and legal ways to get the full text of research articles

  1. Use your library if you have one! ...
  2. Open Access browser extensions. ...
  3. Google Scholar. ...
  4. Researcher platforms. ...
  5. Write to the author. ...
  6. A nearby university library might offer access to articles even if you do not work or study there. ...
  7. Try your public library. ...
  8. Research4Life.

Apr 7, 2021

How do I surpass my paywall?

The easiest way to bypass a paywall is to use reading extensions such as Reader Mode. Reader Mode will take the body of an article and convert it into a pretty and distraction-free format. Most importantly, it will remove the overlay elements that made it impossible to read the restricted article.

How can I read without paywall?

Ways to read an article without subscribing

  1. Use incognito mode. ...
  2. Use a VPN or just TOR. ...
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Oct 15, 2021

Can I Haz PDF?

Andrea Kuszewski, a cognitive scientist and science writer, invented the tag, which uses a code phrase: "I can haz PDF" - a play on words combining a popular geeky phrase used widely online in a meme involving cat pictures, and a common online file format.