In cases where it is passed through sexual contact, mono can be considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD), although mono is more often spread through contact with saliva. EBV is a member of the herpes virus family, along with the viruses that cause herpes and chickenpox.
The virus that causes mono (Epstein-Barr virus) is spread through saliva. You can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. However, mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold.
Mononucleosis (mono) is a common illness caused by a virus. It can start with a sore throat and swollen glands. And then it can leave you feeling tired and weak for weeks or months. Mono goes away on its own, but rest and good self-care can help you feel better.
Mononucleosis (mono) is a contagious infection caused by a herpes virus called Epstein-Barr. Other viruses can also cause mono. The infection is common among teenagers and young adults. People with mono experience extreme fatigue, fever and body aches.
You might feel more tired than usual and have a mild fever and sore throat. Your lymph nodes, tissue that normally acts as filters, may swell under your arms and in your neck and groin area. You also may have body aches and pains, swollen tonsils, headache, and even a skin rash.
While the most common way for the virus to spread is, indeed, through saliva, you don't have to kiss someone with an active strain of it in order to contract it. It can also be transmitted by activities like sharing drinks and using another person's utensils, or through blood and other bodily fluids.
Mono is most often spread by contact with infected spit (saliva). But it can also be spread through blood or other body fluids.
The common signs of mono include swollen, red tonsils, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, and a fever that ranges from 102°F to 104°F. About one-third of people who have mono have a whitish coating on their tonsils. Approximately 50% of people with mono have swollen spleens.
Can mono come back with stress? Chronic stress can weaken your immune system, so it's possible that this could be one trigger leading to a bout of recurrent mono.
Nov 16, 2021
WHEN CAN I GO BACK TO WORK OR SCHOOL? Many people with mono develop an enlarged spleen, which can last for a few weeks or longer. Although you can return to school or work when you are feeling better, it's important to avoid activities that can cause injury to the spleen.
Mononucleosis/EBV remains dormant in your body's immune system cells for life, but your body's immune system will remember it and protect you from getting it again. The infection is inactive, but it is possible to reactivate without symptoms and in turn, can be spread to others, though this is quite rare.
It most commonly occurs in adolescents and young adults. In general, mononucleosis is not considered a serious illness. However, mononucleosis can lead to significant loss of time from school or work due to profound fatigue and, on rare occasion, can cause severe or even life-threatening illness.
Get medical care right away if you have severe belly pain or blurry vision, if you feel lightheaded or confused, or if you pass out. You could have a ruptured spleen. Talk to your doctor if: You have mono symptoms for longer than 10 days or you have a severe sore throat for more than a day or two.
If you get mono, the virus stays in your body for life. That doesn't mean that you're always contagious . But the virus can surface from time to time and risk infecting someone else.
Most people who have mono (infectious mononucleosis) will have it only once. But rarely, mononucleosis symptoms may recur months or even years later. Most cases of mononucleosis are caused by infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
Mono, or infectious mononucleosis, is caused by an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV spreads through direct contact with saliva (spit). This can happen by sharing eating utensils, drinks, and even things like lip gloss, lipstick, or lip balm.
This is called the incubation period. Once your symptoms do appear, they may last for two to four weeks. You can pass the virus to other people through your saliva for up to three months after your symptoms subside. Some studies have reported that you may still be contagious for up to 18 months.
The virus may inflame your liver, so it is important not to drink alcohol when you have mono. Alcohol could further injure your liver. An enlarged spleen might rupture should it be hit or strained. A rupture of the spleen causes severe bleeding and is a medical emergency.
Most people get better in two to four weeks; however, some people may feel fatigued for several more weeks. Occasionally, the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis can last for six months or longer.
It can spread through any contact with saliva — even from sharing forks, spoons, drinking straws, cups, or lip balm and lipstick. If you kissed or shared a drink with someone who has mono, it doesn't mean you will get it.