Boston, city, capital of the commonwealth of Massachusetts, and seat of Suffolk county, in the northeastern United States. It lies on Massachusetts Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1629 King Charles I of England granted the Massachusetts Bay Company a charter to trade in and colonize the part of New England that lay approximately between the Charles and Merrimack Rivers, and settlement began in 1630. Boston was made the capital in 1632.
Boston became the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony during the 17 century and has remained the capital ever since. When the Massachusetts Bay Colony was first settled in 1630, some of the colonists originally planned to make Cambridge, which was known as Newtown at the time, the capital of the colony.
|Historic colonies||Connecticut Colony (1636–1641) Massachusetts Bay Colony (1641–1686, 1689–1691) Dominion of New England (1686–1689) Province of Massachusetts Bay (1691–1780)|
|Settled (town)||May 14, 1636|
|Incorporated (city)||May 25, 1852|
|Founded by||William Pynchon|
|Location of New England (red) in North America|
|Composition||Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont|
|• State capital city||89.62 sq mi (232.11 km)|
|• Land||48.34 sq mi (125.20 km)|
|• Water||41.28 sq mi (106.91 km)|
|• Urban||1,770 sq mi (4,600 km)|
About Boston. The satellite view shows Boston, the largest city in New England and the capital of Massachusetts, a state in the northeastern United States. The city lies south of the Charles River on Massachusetts Bay, a bay of the Atlantic Ocean. Boston is about 215 mi (347 km) away from New York City.
List of places and squares within neighborhood areas. The 23 official neighborhoods in Boston are made up of approximately 84 sub-districts, squares and neighborhoods within each official neighborhood.
Maps from 1630 to the present show how the city—once an 800-acre peninsula—grew into what it is today. Last year's drought had Boston worrying anew about a longstanding problem: The foundations beneath centuries-old homes and other buildings are at risk of rotting and crumbling.
About one-sixth of Boston sits on landfill. That's an astonishing amount, and that history of landmaking is part of what makes Boston so vulnerable to sea level rise today.
The ancient fish traps were discovered during subway construction in 1913. Why is it called Back Bay? Well, you guessed it — Back Bay was literally a tidal bay until a 19th-century filling project transformed it to buildable land.
Shawmut Peninsula is the promontory of land on which Boston, Massachusetts was built. The peninsula, originally a mere 789 acres (3.19 km) in area, more than doubled in size due to land reclamation efforts that were a feature of the history of Boston throughout the 19th century.
The Washington Street Elevated (the “El”) ran subway trains above Washington Street from 1901 until 1987 when the Orange Line (which inherited the old name of the street) was relocated and the elevated tracks and stations were torn down shortly after the El's April 1987 closure.
The center of the state has streams and plains with gentle hills. Toward the west, the land rises into mountains. It includes a popular spot for fall-leaf watching called the Berkshires, as well as Massachusetts' highest point, Mount Greylock.
According to Boston City Hall, Beacon Hill got its name from a beacon that at one point sat up on the hill to warn people about foreign invasion. Development began on the hill in 1795 with the construction of the State House, and then residential development subsequently followed.
It's currently home to John Kerry and Teresa Heinz, and is the former address of novelist William Dean Howells and the Alcott family (including daughter Louisa May of Little Women fame). Louisburg Square is considered one of the most expensive residential neighborhoods in the country.
Beacon Hills, California
The town of Beacon Hills, California is the main setting for MTV's Teen Wolf. The fictitious town is within an equally fictitious Beacon County, California, where most of the series' action takes place.
What is a brownstone? Most people associate brownstones with stately row houses of the 19 Century. They were originally built in the mid-1800's in response to increased housing demands for the growing upper-middle class. Homes at the time were built of brick or wood, but homeowners wanted something more high-end.
Realizing that the state of the bay was a considerable problem, the city began filling in the 700 acres of the bay in 1857. For fifty years, day and night, trains brought about 3,500 railroad cars of gravel from Needham and other areas each day.
It is most famous for its rows of Victorian brownstone homes—considered one of the best preserved examples of 19th-century urban design in the United States—as well as numerous architecturally significant individual buildings, and cultural institutions such as the Boston Public Library, and Boston Architectural College ...
a small bay or inlet of a lake.