So back to endo- the formal definition is “endometrial glands and stroma existing outside the endometrial cavity”. Essentially, it is tissue that resembles the endometrium (lining of the uterus), that exists other places. Most often, it is found in the pelvic peritoneum, or the lining of our abdominal cavity.
OSDD-1 is the subtype that is most similar to dissociative identity disorder (DID). It is used for individuals who have similar symptoms to those with DID but who do not meet the full diagnostic criteria for DID.
What causes dissociative identity disorder (DID)? DID is usually the result of sexual or physical abuse during childhood. Sometimes it develops in response to a natural disaster or other traumatic events like combat. The disorder is a way for someone to distance or detach themselves from trauma.
Individuals faking or mimicking DID due to factitious disorder will typically exaggerate symptoms (particularly when observed), lie, blame bad behavior on symptoms and often show little distress regarding their apparent diagnosis.
Dissociative identity disorder usually occurs in people who experienced overwhelming stress or trauma during childhood. Children are not born with a sense of a unified identity; it develops from many sources and experiences. In overwhelmed children, many parts of what should have blended together remain separate.
The subjective experience of the person with DID is very real and the goal of treatment is to achieve fusion of each personality so the person can begin to function as an integrated whole.
But there are dialoguing techniques that can help.
Nov 29, 2010
Nov 17, 2017
In the shift from one personality to another, a person may experience other symptoms. Some people can have anxiety, as they may be afraid of the personality change. Some may become very angry or violent. Others may not notice or remember these transitions at all, although another person may notice them.
A positive trigger is something non-trauma related and is pleasant enough to cause an alter to come forward and experience happy emotions, such as a special toy, cute puppies, or a favorite ice cream flavor. A positive trigger, in some instances, can be used to bring forth an alter.
There are a variety of triggers that can cause switching between alters, or identities, in people with dissociative identity disorder. These can include stress, memories, strong emotions, senses, alcohol and substance use, special events, or specific situations.
Dissociative identity disorder involves a lack of connection among a person's sense of identity, memory and consciousness. People with this disorder do not have more than one personality but rather less than one personality.
You may still be able to tell the difference between things around you. And there may be no symptoms of amnesia. Instead, with DPDR you might feel emotionally numb and questions what it feels like to live.
Embarrassment, frustration, and shame frequently plague our system when switching. However, having frequent internal communication, dialogue, and understanding with my headmates makes the system more amenable to an agreement on terms of when and how headmates switch.
Alters are people, and though they often fill specific roles, they still will have unique personalities and interests like regular folks. It might be unusual and it might come with drawbacks, but yes, alters can love and even date each other.
A person living with DID may have as few as two alters or as many as 100. The average number is about 10. Often alters are stable over time, continuing to play specific roles in the person's life for years.
Shirley Mason was the psychiatric patient whose life was portrayed in the 1973 book Sybil. The book and subsequent film caused an enormous spike in reported cases of multiple personality disorder. Mason later admitted she had faked her multiple personalities.
Some alters may speak in foreign languages or with an accent. Sometimes alternate personalities are not human, but are animals or imaginary creatures instead. The process by which one of these personalities reveals itself and controls behavior is called switching.
Sometimes memories can be shared with other alters so that specific alter can understand things or cope. The most important thing though, is survival, so if an alter would become distraught over a memory, they usually don't get to see that memory.